Recommended drive diagnostic software for Windows 10.

For free hard drive, flash drive, USB drive, SSD, and NVMe drive diagnostic software, I highly recommend CrystalDiskInfo.

It sits in your Windows system tray and reports all drive’s temperatures and S.M.A.R.T data.

It can also set off an audible alarm if any drive’s temperature gets too high (the temperature limit is also adjustable).

Very useful when testing new computer case configurations or new drives!

Fix for “Diagnostics troubleshooting wizard has stopped working” on Windows 10.

Here is a possible fix for when the Windows 10 Troubleshooter stops working: Check to make sure your Temp and Tmp environment variables are pointing to valid fixed drives and folders.

[Note: Last I checked, flash drives and external USB drives did not work as a temp folder. Hopefully a future Windows 10 update will fix this oversight.]


  1. Press Windows Key + Pause/Break to bring up the “Control Panel System and Security” page.
  2. Select “Advanced System Settings“.
  3. Select “Environment Variables” at the bottom.
  4. See the “TEMP” and “TMP" user variables”? Edit those to point to a valid folder on a fixed-drive, such as “C:\Temp” or “D:\Temp”.
  5. Do the same for the “TEMP" and “TMP" system variables. (You might have to scroll down to see them.)
All done! A reboot now shouldn’t be required, but it might help!

Is MalwareBytes Premium Worth It? – We Hate Malware

His conclusion: MalwareBytes Premium – The premium version adds a lot more functionality and protection.

Sounds like he approves.. here are his supporting points:

  • Prevents spyware and malware infections – the premium version will stop spyware and malware from installing itself on your computer, whether through a sneak attack, drive by installation, or a “piggyback” installation.
  • Stops Ransomware attacks – probably the most costly and damaging attack, ransomware locks up all of your files behind a very powerful encryption.  You then have to pay the hackers for the “key” to break the encryption and free your files.  Ransomware is almost impossible to remove once it’s on your computer.  However MalwareBytes can stop this before it gets on your computer.
  • Internet Browsing Protection – MalwareBytes will monitor your internet browsing and stop you from visiting or being redirected to a site that is potentially hazardous.  This means you’ll be safe from sneaky redirects that can exist on websites and even in the ads on a website.
  • Automatic protection updates – this means that MalwareBytes is constantly updating its protection algorithms utilizing what they call “machine learning technology”.  Since they have access to millions of malware reports they can stay abreast of all the latest malware technology.  They then automatically update and apply this to your computer’s protection system.
  • Automatic updates of latest definitions – The premium version automatically checks for new malware definition updates and upgrades the software for you.  If you have the free version it will not automatically update the malware definitions for you.  You’ll have to do this manually or re-install the latest version.  This is a lot of effort and most people will miss a step, leaving themselves open to an attack.

How to disable the pagefile in Windows 10 [You can, but DON’T DO IT]

Um… this site mentions “it is not recommended to disable the paging file”.
And then next they state, “How to disable the paging file in Windows 10”.

Some people.. sigh. Turning off the page file to gain performance is a myth!
Even if you have lots of RAM..

Don’t disable the pagefile.

Windows needs it to reliably run, especially when you start multitasking on the computer.

No matter how much RAM your computer has, Windows will still occasionally swap memory out to disk.

If you really want a performance boost, set the Minimum and Maximum values to the same value to avoid fragmenting the pagefile even more. Or better yet, upgrade to an internal SSD (Solid State Drive)!

Here is what I recommend (having personally tried them): has a few SSD for sale at a decent price: Search for “Internal Solid State Drives“. The Samsung SSD (sata III) are really nice drives at a nice price.

If your computer’s motherboard has an NVMe slot, then buy a Samsung M.2 NVMe drive (2280 is the most common length). PCIe adapters are also available for NVMe drives. These drives are extremely fast. Like 2+ GB/second fast!

Good luck and happy hunting! If you have any questions, please comment below.

How to use Resilient File System (ReFS) on Windows 10

How to use Resilient File System (ReFS) on Windows 10
Like on any other operating systemWindows features a file system to control how data is stored and retrieved from disk.
However, even though NTFS provided us with many performance, reliability, and advanced features you can’t find on other file system, NTFS has been designed years ago. Today, we face new storage challenges that NTFS just can’t handle, and to overcome the limitations Microsoft created from the ground up a new file system called “ReFS” ( Resilient File System ).
The new file system is also built on the foundation of NTFS, which means that it’s compatible with the most critical features found in the old file system while introducing new storage technologies.
While ReFS will primarily benefit large corporations with large data centers, the new file system is also very useful for users who work with large amounts of data, such as photographers, video editors, and others.
With this in mind, in this Windows 10 guide, we’ll walk you through the steps to try ReFS on your computer, and we also provide the information you need to know moving to the new file system.
The tool that makes it all happen is Storage Spaces, which is Microsoft’s storage virtualization technology that allows you to group multiple drives together to create a Storage Pool, which then you can use to create a new storage using the new file system.
On File System, select**REFS** from the drop-down menu.
* **Compatibility:** Maintain support for key NTFS features to offer compatibility, as it’s a widely adopted file system.
* **Resiliency:** The new file system can provide full resiliency architecture when it’s implemented using Storage Spaces on Windows.
It’s important to note that you can’t use the new file system on a boot drive (the drive where you have Windows installed); it’s only suitable for drives you’ll be using exclusively for storage.
You can’t use ReFS on removable drives, such as USB flash drives, and there is not a mechanism to convert a drive formatted using ReFS to another file system. However, you can always backup your data to another drive, format the ReFS storage using another file system (e.g., exFAT, FAT32, NTFS), and then restore the data.
If you move to the new file system, you’ll find a number of features inherit from NTFS, including access-control list for security, BitLocker encryptionUSN journal, mount points, reparse points,junction pointsvolume snapshotschange notificationssymbolic linksfile IDs, and oplocks.
In addition, even if it worked, you wouldn’t be able to take advantage of data resiliency, which is one of the main features of the file system, as such I’m not including the tweak in this guide.
What do you think about Microsoft’s new file system?

Glow temperatures for smelting of different metals

Here is a quick list of melting temperatures and heat sources.
 (for the refining of common metals and at what temps they glow)

The sources of heat have been marked with a red background.

  • 232℃ (450℉), Tin, no visible glow.
  • 328℃ (622℉), Lead, no visible glow.
  • 482℃ (900℉), Self Cleaning Oven.
  • 661℃ (1222℉), Aluminium, slight red glow.
  • 896℃ (1644℉), Large log fire.
  • 1000℃ (1832℉), Magma.
  • 1065℃ (1949℉), Gold, cherry red glow.
  • 1085℃ (1985℉), Copper, cherry red glow.
  • 1434℃ (2613℉), Carbon Steel, orange glow.
  • 1510℃ (2750℉), Stainless Steel, orange glow.
  • 1538℃ (2800℉), Iron, bright orange glow.
  • 1596℃ (2906℉), Bunsen burner flame.
  • 1668℃ (3034℉), Titanium, very bright orange glow.
  • 1980℃ (3596℉), Wood fire with blowing air.
  • 1995℃ (3623℉), Propane Torch.
  • 2820℃ (5110℉), Propane Torch with Oxygen.
  • 2925℃ (5300℉), MAPP Torch with Oxygen.

Sources: mostly Wikipedia. If you find any misinformation please let me know.